UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Cardiovascular Imaging of Myocardial Viability after Acute Myocardial Infarction

Jasmin, Nur Hayati; (2020) Cardiovascular Imaging of Myocardial Viability after Acute Myocardial Infarction. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Jasmin_10116928_Thesis_removed_sig.pdf]
Preview
Text
Jasmin_10116928_Thesis_removed_sig.pdf

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

Myocardial infarction is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In patients with myocardial infarction, the extent and severity of ischemic injury are important prognostic factors for mortality and morbidity. After myocardial infarction, there is a window of opportunity in which intervention can salvage the affected, but still reversible damage caused to the cardiomyocytes. Non-invasive imaging has become a front-line method in the assessment of myocardial viability. A major challenge for present cardiovascular imaging is to identify better ways to assess viable (but threatened) myocardium to stratify patients into optimal treatment pathways. Manganese (Mn⁺²) is an intracellular contrast agent and can enter myocytes through L-type calcium channel, making it an interesting imaging probe for Ca⁺² fluxes. Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) could provide an assessment on cardiac structure and function as well as in vivo monitoring of intracellular calcium ion (Ca⁺²) changes. As a central regulator of cardiac contractility, intracellular Ca⁺² changes could be used to assess viable myocardium after acute ischemic injury. Thus, the aim of my research was to investigate the accuracy of manganese as a marker of cell viability and develop cardiovascular imaging for assessment of myocardial viability in a mouse model of acute myocardial infarction. To accomplish this, this project is divided into three parts, ultimately leading towards the development of cardiovascular imaging for assessment of myocardial viability after acute myocardial infarction; (1) Characterisation of manganese to optimise dose and ensure safety, (2) Investigation of manganese as an early imaging indicator of cell viability using T1 mapping, and (3) Using manganese-enhanced MRI for functional assessment of the myocardium for early infarct size quantification in acute myocardial infarction: validation against the gold standard, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE-MRI).

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Cardiovascular Imaging of Myocardial Viability after Acute Myocardial Infarction
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Imaging, Manganese-enhanced MRI, Myocardial Viability, Acute Myocardial Infarction, Manganese
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116928
Downloads since deposit
64Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item