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Predictors of distress among patients undergoing staging investigations for suspected colorectal and lung cancer

Miles, A; Evans, REC; Taylor, SA; (2020) Predictors of distress among patients undergoing staging investigations for suspected colorectal and lung cancer. Psychology, Health & Medicine 10.1080/13548506.2020.1852477. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

People undergoing investigations for suspected cancer have to undergo a number of investigations before they know their full diagnosis and treatment plan. We examined predictors of distress among patients undergoing staging investigations for suspected colorectal or lung cancer. Patients were prospectively recruited to two multi-centre trials comparing WB-MRI with standard scans. Patients completed a questionnaire, administered at trial recruitment, measuring demographic and psychological variables (n = 129, 66 colorectal, 63 lung; median age 66.4, range: 31–89). Predictors of distress were analysed using logistic regression. Forty percent of patients reported high distress (a score of 4 or higher on the GHQ-12). Higher deprivation and greater intolerance of uncertainty (IU) predicted high distress in both unadjusted (low deprivation: OR 0.352, 95% CIs 0.144 to 0.860, p = 0.022; IU: OR 1.972, 95% CIs: 1.357 to 2.865, p < 0.001) and adjusted analyses (low deprivation: OR 0.243, 95% CIs 0.083 to 0.714, p = 0.010; IU: OR 2.231, 95% CIs 1.429 to 3.485, p < 0.001). Age, gender, presence of comorbid illness, cancer type, probable knowledge of cancer diagnosis, and a final diagnosis of cancer did not predict high distress. Future research should examine how to reduce distress in patients undergoing investigations for cancer, particularly among those who find uncertainty difficult to manage.

Type: Article
Title: Predictors of distress among patients undergoing staging investigations for suspected colorectal and lung cancer
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2020.1852477
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1852477
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Cancer, diagnosis, diagnostic tests, distress, uncertainty
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Department of Imaging
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10116649
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