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The gender gap in wages over the life course: Evidence from a British cohort born in 1958

Joshi, H; Bryson, A; Wilkinson, D; Ward, K; (2021) The gender gap in wages over the life course: Evidence from a British cohort born in 1958. Gender, Work & Organization , 28 (1) pp. 397-415. 10.1111/gwao.12580.

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Abstract

We trace the gender wage gap (GWG) though a mid‐life peak for a cohort born in Britain in 1958 (NCDS) to quantify their life course experience of equal and unequal opportunities. Taking hourly pay of full‐timers and part‐timers together, an initial gap between men and women widened substantially during childrearing years. Much, but not all, of the GWG is attributable to divergent work experience, especially in mid‐life. Education‐related differences are minor. Family formation primarily affects the GWG through gender differences in work experience. Family composition is similar for male and female workers, but it attracts opposite wage premia. The GWG however is not only linked to family formation. There is a sizeable GWG on labour market entry and there are some otherwise unexplained gaps between the pay of men and women who had not (and did not) become parents, belying the notion that unequal wage treatment is confined to parents.

Type: Article
Title: The gender gap in wages over the life course: Evidence from a British cohort born in 1958
DOI: 10.1111/gwao.12580
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12580
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: gender wage gap, work experience, life course, family formation, NCDS birth cohort
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10115666
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