UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Modeling rare interactions in time series data through qualitative change: Application to outcome prediction in intensive care units

Ibrahim, Z; Wu, H; Dobson, R; (2020) Modeling rare interactions in time series data through qualitative change: Application to outcome prediction in intensive care units. In: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. (pp. pp. 1826-1833). IOS Press Green open access

[thumbnail of FAIA-325-FAIA200298.pdf]
Preview
Text
FAIA-325-FAIA200298.pdf - Published Version

Download (614kB) | Preview

Abstract

Many areas of research are characterised by the deluge of large-scale highly-dimensional time-series data. However, using the data available for prediction and decision making is hampered by the current lag in our ability to uncover and quantify true interactions that explain the outcomes. We are interested in areas such as intensive care medicine, which are characterised by i) continuous monitoring of multivariate variables and non-uniform sampling of data streams, ii) the outcomes are generally governed by interactions between a small set of rare events, iii) these interactions are not necessarily definable by specific values (or value ranges) of a given group of variables, but rather, by the deviations of these values from the normal state recorded over time, iv) the need to explain the predictions made by the model. Here, while numerous data mining models have been formulated for outcome prediction, they are unable to explain their predictions. We present a model for uncovering interactions with the highest likelihood of generating the outcomes seen from highly-dimensional time series data. Interactions among variables are represented by a relational graph structure, which relies on qualitative abstractions to overcome non-uniform sampling and to capture the semantics of the interactions corresponding to the changes and deviations from normality of variables of interest over time. Using the assumption that similar templates of small interactions are responsible for the outcomes (as prevalent in the medical domains), we reformulate the discovery task to retrieve the most-likely templates from the data. Experiments on sepsis prediction using real Intensive Care Unit (ICU) data demonstrates that the discovered interaction templates are semantically meaningful within the domain, and using them as features in a prediction task produces a superior performance than when using the raw values of the predictors.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Modeling rare interactions in time series data through qualitative change: Application to outcome prediction in intensive care units
Event: ECAI 2020
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3233/FAIA200298
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3233/FAIA200298
Language: English
Additional information: This article is published online with Open Access by IOS Press and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0). See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10112070
Downloads since deposit
25Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item