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A Metal-Free Oxygenated Covalent Triazine 2-D Photocatalyst Works Effectively from the Ultraviolet to Near-Infrared Spectrum for Water Oxidation Apart from Water Reduction

Kong, D; Han, X; Shevlin, SA; Windle, C; Warner, JH; Guo, Z-X; Tang, J; (2020) A Metal-Free Oxygenated Covalent Triazine 2-D Photocatalyst Works Effectively from the Ultraviolet to Near-Infrared Spectrum for Water Oxidation Apart from Water Reduction. ACS Applied Energy Materials 10.1021/acsaem.0c01153. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Solar-driven water splitting is highly desirable for hydrogen fuel production, particularly if water oxidation is effectively sustained in a complete cycle and/or by means of stable and efficient photocatalysts of main group elements, for example, carbon and nitrogen. Despite extensive success on H2 production on polymer photocatalysts, polymers have met with very limited success for the rate-determining step of the water splitting–water oxidation reaction due to the extremely slow “four-hole” chemistry. Here, the synthesized metal-free oxygenated covalent triazine (OCT) is remarkably active for oxygen production in a wide operation window from UV to visible and even to NIR (up to 800 nm), neatly matching the solar spectrum with an unprecedented external quantum efficiency (even 1% at 600 nm) apart from excellent activity for H2 production under full arc irradiation, a big step moving toward full solar spectrum water splitting. Experimental results and DFT calculations show that the oxygen incorporation not only narrows the band gap but also causes appropriate band-edge shifts. In the end, a controlled small amount of oxygen in the ionothermal reaction is found to be a promising and facile way of achieving such oxygen incorporation. This discovery is a significant step toward both scientific understanding and practical development of metal-free photocatalysts for cost-effective water oxidation and hydrogen generation over a large spectral window.

Type: Article
Title: A Metal-Free Oxygenated Covalent Triazine 2-D Photocatalyst Works Effectively from the Ultraviolet to Near-Infrared Spectrum for Water Oxidation Apart from Water Reduction
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.0c01153
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c01153
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License (http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/authorchoice_ccby_termsofuse.html), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited.
Keywords: oxygen doping, covalent triazine frameworks, photocatalytic oxygen production, IR radiation, wide operation window, hydrogen generation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109560
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