UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Origins of the sarsen megaliths at Stonehenge

Nash, DJ; Ciborowski, TJR; Ullyott, JS; Pearson, MP; Darvill, T; Greaney, S; Maniatis, G; (2020) Origins of the sarsen megaliths at Stonehenge. Science Advances , 6 (31) , Article eabc0133. 10.1126/sciadv.abc0133. Green open access

[thumbnail of eabc0133.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
eabc0133.full.pdf - Published Version

Download (549kB) | Preview

Abstract

The sources of the stone used to construct Stonehenge around 2500 BCE have been debated for over four centuries. The smaller “bluestones” near the center of the monument have been traced to Wales, but the origins of the sarsen (silcrete) megaliths that form the primary architecture of Stonehenge remain unknown. Here, we use geochemical data to show that 50 of the 52 sarsens at the monument share a consistent chemistry and, by inference, originated from a common source area. We then compare the geochemical signature of a core extracted from Stone 58 at Stonehenge with equivalent data for sarsens from across southern Britain. From this, we identify West Woods, Wiltshire, 25 km north of Stonehenge, as the most probable source area for the majority of sarsens at the monument.

Type: Article
Title: Origins of the sarsen megaliths at Stonehenge
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc0133
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abc0133
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.en
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, EASTERN SOUTH DOWNS, STONES, GEOCHEMISTRY, MOBILITY, HILLS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109190
Downloads since deposit
75Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item