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Common mechanisms for type 2 diabetes and psychosis: Findings from a prospective birth cohort

Perry, BI; Jones, HJ; Richardson, TG; Zammit, S; Wareham, NJ; Lewis, G; Jones, PB; (2020) Common mechanisms for type 2 diabetes and psychosis: Findings from a prospective birth cohort. Schizophrenia Research 10.1016/j.schres.2020.08.006. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Psychosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are commonly comorbid and may share pathophysiologic mechanisms. To investigate shared genetic variation and inflammation as potential common mechanisms, we tested: (i) associations between genetic predisposition for T2DM and psychotic experiences and psychotic disorder in young adults; (ii) the association between genetic predisposition for schizophrenia and insulin resistance (IR), a precursor of T2DM; and (iii) whether these associations are mediated by childhood inflammation. METHODS: Psychotic experiences (PEs), psychotic disorder and IR were assessed at age 18. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) for T2DM and schizophrenia were derived based on large genome-wide association studies. Associations between PRS and psychotic/IR outcomes were assessed using regression analysis based on 3768 ALSPAC birth cohort participants with complete data. Inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) measured at age 9 were used in regression and mediation analyses. RESULTS: Genetic predisposition for T2DM was associated with PEs (adjusted OR = 1.21; 95% CI, 1.01-1.45) and psychotic disorder (adjusted OR = 1.51; 95% CI, 1.04-2.03) at age 18 in a linear dose-response fashion. Genetic predisposition for schizophrenia was weakly associated with IR (adjusted OR = 1.10; 95% C·I, 0.99-1.22) at age 18. The association between genetic risk for T2DM and PEs was partly mediated by childhood CRP (p = .040). CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidity between psychosis and T2DM may be partly underpinned by shared genes and inflammation. A summation of minor genetic variation representing lifetime risk for T2DM at conception may predispose individuals to psychosis in adulthood by influencing physiologic changes, such as low-grade inflammation, detectable as early as childhood.

Type: Article
Title: Common mechanisms for type 2 diabetes and psychosis: Findings from a prospective birth cohort
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2020.08.006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.08.006
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: ALSPAC, Diabetes mellitus, Polygenic risk, Psychosis, Schizophrenia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10109188
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