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Structural studies of the crystallisation of microporous materials

Davies, Andrew Treharne; (2000) Structural studies of the crystallisation of microporous materials. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

A range of powerful synchrotron radiation characterisation techniques have been used to study fundamental aspects of the fonnation of microporous solids, specifically alumi nosilicates, heteroatom substituted aluminophosphates and titanosilicates. This work has been performed with the aim of investigating in situ the structural changes occurring during crystallisation and post synthetic treatment. In situ EDXRD was used to follow the crystallisation of these materials under a wide range of synthesis conditions using a hydrothermal cell and a solid-state detector array. A quantitative analysis of the crystallisation kinetics was performed for the large pore aluminosilicate, zeolite A, using a simple mathematical model to calculate the activation energy of formation. The results obtained were found to closely agree with both the experimental results and theoretical models of others. A qualitative study of the effect of altering the synthesis conditions was also investigated for this material. Similar kinetic studies were then performed for a range of microporous aluminophosphates and their cobalt substituted derivatives in order to follow the effects of varying synthesis conditions such as the synthesis temperature, organic template type, and cobalt concentration. Distinct trends were noted in the formation times, stability and nature of the resulting crystalline phases as conditions were varied. The relationship between the cobalt and organic template molecules during crystallisation was considered in some detail with reference to other experimental data and theoretical models. The alumi nophosphate studies were subsequently extended to a range of other heteroatom substituted aluminophosphates, using in situ EDXRD, complimented by EXAFS, which allowed investigation of the local environments around the heteroatoms within the microporous structure. EDXRD and EXAFS studies have been performed on the microporous titanosilicate, ETS-10, while the thermal stability of this material has also been investigated in situ using synchrotron X-ray diffraction in conjunction with a high temperature environmental cell.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Structural studies of the crystallisation of microporous materials
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Pure sciences; Aluminosilicates
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107840
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