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The development of a multi-layer architecture for image processing

Fung, Yu Fai; (1991) The development of a multi-layer architecture for image processing. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The extraction of useful information from an image involves a series of operations, which can be functionally divided into low-level, intermediate-level and high- level processing. Because different amounts of computing power may be demanded by each level, a system which can simultaneously carry out operations at different levels is desirable. A multi-layer system which embodies both functional and spatial parallelism is envisioned. This thesis describes the development of a three-layer architecture which is designed to tackle vision problems embodying operations in each processing level. A survey of various multi-layer and multi-processor systems is carried out and a set of guidelines for the design of a multi-layer image processing system is established. The linear array is proposed as a possible basis for multi-layer systems and a significant part of the thesis is concerned with a study of this structure. The CLIP7A system, which is a linear array with 256 processing elements, is examined in depth. The CLIP7A system operates under SIMD control, enhanced by local autonomy. In order to examine the possible benefits of this arrangement, image processing algorithms which exploit the autonomous functions are implemented. Additionally, the structural properties of linear arrays are also studied. Information regarding typical computing requirements in each layer and the communication networks between elements in different layers is obtained by applying the CLIP7A system to solve an integrated vision problem. From the results obtained, a three layer architecture is proposed. The system has 256, 16 and 4 processing elements in the low, intermediate and high level layer respectively. The processing elements will employ a 16-bit microprocessor as the computing unit, which is selected from off-the-shelf components. Communication between elements in consecutive layers is via two different networks, which are designed so that efficient data transfer is achieved. Additionally, the networks enable the system to maintain fault tolerance and to permit expansion in the second and third layers.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: The development of a multi-layer architecture for image processing
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Applied sciences; Computer vision
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107634
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