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Developing growth mindsets in engineering students: Work-in-progress on a systematic literature review

Campbell, AL; Direito, I; Mokhithi, M; (2019) Developing growth mindsets in engineering students: Work-in-progress on a systematic literature review. In: SEFI 47th Annual Conference: Varietas Delectat... Complexity is the New Normality, Proceedings. (pp. pp. 186-195). SEFI: Budapest, Hungary. Green open access

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Abstract

Engineering programs can be very demanding, particularly in the first years where students often encounter challenging coursework. Dropout from engineering studies has been linked to ‘fixed mindset’ beliefs that make students more likely to give up when facing new challenges. Extensive research evidenced that students with a ‘fixed mindset’ believe that intelligence is an innate and fixed trait. In contrast, students with a ‘growth mindset’ believe that intelligence can be improved with effort and drive, and are then less likely to disengage when confronting difficult tasks. Interventions to develop ‘growth mindsets’ have been successfully implemented at primary and secondary schools. However, there seems to be a paucity of interventions with university students studying engineering. In this work-in-progress paper, we will present findings from a systematic literature review of engineering, education and psychology databases to answer the question, ‘What interventions to develop growth mindsets have been implemented with engineering students, and what measures have been used to assess the effectiveness of the interventions?’ Preliminary findings suggest that the number of interventions aimed at strengthening growth mindsets in engineering students is still small. We present a categorization of interventions together with the measures used to assess the effectiveness of the interventions. The findings will be useful for engineering educators who want to encourage students to have the benefits associated with a growth mindset, such as greater resilience after setbacks and willingness to take on challenges and stick with them when difficulties arise, and support their academic success.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Developing growth mindsets in engineering students: Work-in-progress on a systematic literature review
Event: SEFI 2019 · SEFI 47th Annual Conference
ISBN-13: 9782873520182
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.sefi.be/proceedings/
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Growth mindsets; beliefs; intervention; engineering students
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Engineering Science Faculty Office
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107063
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