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Studies on mammalian cyclin A

Adamczewski, Jorg Peter; (1994) Studies on mammalian cyclin A. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis describes studies on cyclin A, a member of a family of proteins centrally involved in the regulation of the eukaryotic cell cycle. Cyclins are activating subunits of the cdc2 family of protein kinases. I constructed a chimera consisting of staphylococcal protein A fused to bovine cyclin A and expressed and purified the resulting protein from bacteria. The cyclin A fusion protein could bind to and activate both p33cdk2 and p34cdc2 when added to a variety of cell free extracts. I purified both types of protein kinase holoenzymes and compared their activities towards various substrates. It was also possible to produce an active cyclin A:GST-cdk2 complex from components expressed in bacteria, but a protein kinase that phosphorylates p33cdk2 is required to activate the complex. I constructed several mutant forms of cyclin A that were unable to bind or activate p33cdc2 or p34cdc2 and served as negative controls. In contrast to analogous cyclin B constructs the binding of pA-cyclin A to p34cdc2 does not seem to promote the inhibitory phosphorylation of tyrosine 15 in p34cdc2. Cyclin A can also facilitate the activation of cyclin B dependent kinase in both egg and oocyte extracts. I shared the cyclin A protein and antibodies with a number of other groups in order to study properties of cyclin A dependent kinases. Cyclin A could promote nuclear envelope breakdown and chromosome condensation in Xenopus interphase extracts; it inhibited vesicle fusion in HeLa cell free extracts; and it could stimulate DNA synthesis in both Xenopus and HeLa extracts. I found that the protein kinase activity associated with SV40 large T antigen is partly due to an association with cyclin A-p33cdk2.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Studies on mammalian cyclin A
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Biological sciences; Cyclin A
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10107027
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