UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Oxidation kinetics of hercynite spinels for solar thermochemical fuel production

Millican, SL; Androshchuk, I; Tran, JT; Trottier, RM; Bayon, A; Al Salik, Y; Idriss, H; ... Weimer, AW; + view all (2020) Oxidation kinetics of hercynite spinels for solar thermochemical fuel production. Chemical Engineering Journal , 401 , Article 126015. 10.1016/j.cej.2020.126015. Green open access

[thumbnail of Idriss_Solar Thermal Production of Hydrogen revised.pdf]
Preview
Text
Idriss_Solar Thermal Production of Hydrogen revised.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

The development of an economically viable solar thermochemical fuel production process relies largely on identifying redox active materials with optimized thermodynamic and kinetic properties. Iron aluminate (FeAl2O4, hercynite) and cobalt-iron aluminate (CoxFe1-xAl2O4) have both been demonstrated as viable redox-active materials for this process. However, doping with cobalt creates a tradeoff between the thermodynamics and kinetics of H2 production mediated by hercynite in which the kinetics are improved at the expense of lowering the yield. In this work, we evaluate four spinel aluminate materials with varying cobalt contents (FeAl2O4, Co0.05Fe0.95Al2O4, Co0.25Fe0.75Al2O4, and Co0.40Fe0.60Al2O4) to better understand the role of cobalt in the redox mediating properties of these materials and to quantify its effect on the thermodynamic and kinetic properties for CO2 reduction. A solid-state kinetic analysis was performed on each sample to model its CO2 reduction kinetics at temperatures ranging from 1200 °C to 1350 °C. An F1 model representative of first-order reaction kinetics was found to most accurately represent the experimental data for all materials evaluated. The computed rate constants, activation energies, and pre-exponential factors all increase with increasing cobalt content. High temperature in-situ XPS was utilized to characterize the spinel surfaces and indicated the presence of metallic states of the reduced cobalt-iron spinel, which are not present in un-doped hercynite. These species provide a new site for the CO2 reduction reaction and enhance its rate through an increased pre-exponential factor.

Type: Article
Title: Oxidation kinetics of hercynite spinels for solar thermochemical fuel production
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2020.126015
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.126015
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Solar thermal; thermochemical analysis; reaction kinetics, hercynite; CO2 reduction; in situ XPS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106906
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item