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Implementing streamlined radiology reporting and clinical results management in low-dose CT screening for lung cancer

Horst, Carolyn Anne Kirby; (2020) Implementing streamlined radiology reporting and clinical results management in low-dose CT screening for lung cancer. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Lung cancer kills more people in the UK than any other cancer. Mortality rates are poor, with fewer than 10% of people alive 10 years after diagnosis. Lung Cancer Screening (LCS) with low-dose CT (LDCT) is effective at reducing lung cancer mortality when employed in at-risk populations; because of this, in the US, LCS has been implemented as a national programme. The UK does not currently screen for lung cancer, but in 2019 NHS England announced a pilot scheme to implement lung health checks (LHC) in areas with the poorest lung cancer outcomes. Despite these advances in LCS in the UK, there are outstanding questions about how LCS could be implemented safely and effectively, which this thesis, based on experience and data from the SUMMIT Study, aims to investigate. To provide screening safely, implementation of any study or programme must focus on maintaining a favourable cost to benefit ratio. This is particularly true in LCS where high false positive and overdiagnosis rates, as well as considerable levels of incidental findings, lead to possible psychological stress, needless investigations and interventions, making provision challenging to both screenees and healthcare providers. The SUMMIT Study investigates how to deliver evidence-based LCS in a large population (25,000), and this thesis in particular focusses on how LCS can be streamlined through proformatisation of radiological data collection, clinical actioning of results and standardised communication with general practitioners (GPs) and participants. This thesis explains the approach to managing pulmonary nodules and incidental findings detected at LDCT in SUMMIT, and how these findings are collected, triaged, and communicated in a way that is both efficient and safe. Early data from SUMMIT is presented to understand how evidence-based proformas may enable streamlined clinical management, data collection and results communications, while decreasing the burden on healthcare professionals and participants alike.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Implementing streamlined radiology reporting and clinical results management in low-dose CT screening for lung cancer
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106627
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