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α-Bi2Sn2O7: a potential room temperature n-type oxide thermoelectric

Rahim, W; Skelton, JM; Scanlon, DO; (2020) α-Bi2Sn2O7: a potential room temperature n-type oxide thermoelectric. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 10.1039/d0ta03945d. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Interest in oxide thermoelectrics has been building due to their high thermal stability and earth-abundant constituent elements. However, the thermoelectric efficiency of flagship oxide materials remains comparatively low, and most materials only reach the maximum figure of merit, ZT, at very high temperatures, above those where the majority of low-grade industrial heat is emitted. It is important to identify thermoelectrics with high conversion efficiency closer to room temperature, particularly for lower-temperature applications such as in domestic heating, consumer electronics and electric vehicles. One of the main factors limiting the efficiency of oxide thermoelectrics is their large lattice thermal conductivities, which has inspired research into more structurally complex materials. In this study, we apply first-principles modelling to assess the low-temperature polymorph of Bi2Sn2O7 (α-Bi2Sn2O7) as a potential thermoelectric material, due to its complex crystal structure, which should suppress phonon transport, and the presence of Bi p and Sn s states in the conduction band, which should yield high electrical conductivity when donor (n) doped. Lattice-dynamics calculations using third-order perturbation theory predict an ultralow room-temperature lattice thermal conductivity of 0.4 W m−1 K−1, the lowest ever predicted for an oxide material, and suggest that nanostructuring to a grain size of 5 nm could further decrease this to 0.28 W m−1 K−1. The ultralow lattice thermal conductivity gives α-Bi2Sn2O7 a maximum ZT of 0.36 at 385 K (0.46 with nanostructuring), which is the highest low-temperature value predicted for an oxide thermoelectric. Most importantly, our analysis highlights the relationship between the structural complexity, the chemical nature of the cation, and the short phonon lifetimes, and thus provides guidelines for identifying other novel high-performance oxide thermoelectrics.

Type: Article
Title: α-Bi2Sn2O7: a potential room temperature n-type oxide thermoelectric
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/d0ta03945d
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0ta03945d
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106575
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