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Studies on the electron acceptors of photosystem two

Bowden, Simon John; (1992) Studies on the electron acceptors of photosystem two. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The differences in temperature dependent behaviour and microwave power saturation characteristics between the g=1.9 and g=1.8 QA -Fe2+ signals are described. The dependence of these behaviourial differences on the presence or absence of bicarbonate is emphasised. By studying the EPR signals of QA-Fe2+, Q-Fe2+, Q-Fe2+TBTQ- and the oxidised non-haem iron I have found that detergent solubilisation of BBY PS2 preparations with the detergent OGP, at pH 6.0, results in loss of bicarbonate binding. New preparations, including a dodecylmaltoside prepared CP47, CP4 3, D1, D2, cytochrome bgsg complex, are described which at pH 7.5 retain native bicarbonate binding. These preparations provide a new system for studies into the "bicarbonate effect" because bicarbonate depletion can now be achieved without displacement by another anion. The new OGP particles have been used to investigate both the split pheophytin signal and the two step redox titration phenomenon associated with this signal. The low potential step of the titration was concluded to be independent of the QA/QA- mid-point potential but was found to be linked to the ability to photoreduce pheophytin; once the low potential component, suggested here to be the fluorescence quencher QL, was reduced, pheophytin photoreduction increased. A model is described to explain the two step titration and, from analysis of the signal splitting in +/- HCO3- samples, a possible structural role for bicarbonate is proposed. I have probed the structure of the PS2 electron acceptor region with the protease trypsin. The QA, iron-semiquinone; oxidised non-haem iron and cytochrome bss, EPR signals were all found to be susceptible to trypsin damage, while oxygen evolution with ferricyanide was enhanced by protease treatment. The protective effect of calcium ions against trypsin damage was demonstrated and a possible Ca2+ binding site in the binding region identified.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Studies on the electron acceptors of photosystem two
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest
Keywords: Pure sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10106534
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