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Ultra low range sidelobe level pulse compression waveform design for spaceborne meteorological radars.

i Solans, Lluís Vinagre; (1997) Ultra low range sidelobe level pulse compression waveform design for spaceborne meteorological radars. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Meteorological measurements from spaceborne radars present several advantages over current passive techniques, due to the radar capability to discriminate backscattered energy in range. However, the system configuration imposes stringent design requirements in order to guarantee cloud and rain detectability, in particular on the radar waveform. Since power is severely restricted on board a satellite, it is necessary to achieve an efficient range resolution with low transmitted power requirements. Pulse compression theory solves the previous conflicting demand, but the transmitted signal needs to be carefully designed in order to allow the significantly large dynamic range (between 60 and 80 dB depending on the type of meteorological target) needed to carry out the measurements. Several pulse compression range sidelobe reduction techniques of differing natures have been investigated and reported in the literature during the past 50 years. A detailed survey of the most relevant range sidelobe supression procedures has been carried out in order to identify the most suitable frequency modulation candidates which are potentially capable of meeting the stringent specifications of spaceborne radar meteorology. Novel pulse compression waveform design techniques have also been developed, employing linear FM predistortion functions and asymmetric frequency modulation laws, which provide excellent performance in terms of range sidelobe level (below -60 dB) and Doppler tolerance. Different options for the provision of a rain mode for the RA-2 Radar Altimeter (due to fly on European Space Agency ENVISAT satellite) are described, based on altimetry linear FM full-deramp technique concepts. Finally, amplitude modulated pulse compression waveform design alternatives are analysed for the MACSIM radar (Millimetre wave Active Cloud Structure Imaging Mission, European Space Agency Pre Phase A Study), which allow to measure different type of clouds within the Mission required radiometric resolution accuracy.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Ultra low range sidelobe level pulse compression waveform design for spaceborne meteorological radars.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Earth sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104351
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