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Optical injection phase-lock loops

Bordonalli, Aldario Chrestani; (1996) Optical injection phase-lock loops. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Locking techniques have been widely applied for frequency synchronisation of semiconductor lasers used in coherent communication and microwave signal generation systems. Two main locking techniques, the optical phase-lock loop (OPLL) and optical injection locking (OIL) are analysed in this thesis. The principal limitations on OPLL performance result from the loop propagation delay, which makes difficult the implementation of high gain and wide bandwidth loops, leading to poor phase noise suppression performance and requiring the linewidths of the semiconductor laser sources to be less than a few megahertz for practical values of loop delay. The OIL phase noise suppression is controlled by the injected power. The principal limitations of the OIL implementation are the finite phase error under locked conditions and the narrow stable locking range the system provides at injected power levels required to reduce the phase noise output of semiconductor lasers significantly. This thesis demonstrates theoretically and experimentally that it is possible to overcome the limitations of OPLL and OIL systems by combining them, to form an optical injection phase-lock loop (OIPLL). The modelling of an OIPLL system is presented and compared with the equivalent OPLL and OIL results. Optical and electrical design of an homodyne OIPLL is detailed. Experimental results are given which verify the theoretical prediction that the OIPLL would keep the phase noise suppression as high as that of the OIL system over a much wider stable locking range, even with wide linewidth lasers and long loop delays. The experimental results for lasers with summed linewidth of 36 MHz and a loop delay of 15 ns showed measured phase error variances as low as 0.006 rad2 (500 MHz bandwidth) for locking bandwidths greater than 26 GHz, compared with the equivalent OPLL phase error variance of around 1 rad2 (500 MHz bandwidth) and the equivalent OIL locking bandwidth of less than 1.2 GHz.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Optical injection phase-lock loops
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Pure sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10103970
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