UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011

Smith, DA; Shen, Y; Barros, J; Zhong, C; Batty, M; Giannotti, M; (2020) A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011. Journal of Transport Geography , 86 , Article 102767. 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767. Green open access

[thumbnail of Smithetal2020_CompactCityfortheWealthy.pdf]
Preview
Text
Smithetal2020_CompactCityfortheWealthy.pdf - Published Version

Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract

The prevalence of gentrification and housing marketisation processes in many cities points to increasingly wealthy inner-city areas and potentially greater population segregation by income. It is plausible that these trends are contributing to regional accessibility inequalities, though quantitative research testing this link is limited. This paper examines differences in employment accessibility between Standard Occupational Classification groups in the London Metropolitan Region for 2011 for car, transit, bus only and walking modes. Additionally, changes in occupational class populations 2006–2016 are considered, revealing continuing inner-city gentrification. Employment accessibility is calculated using cumulative measures, based on travel times from multi-modal network modelling. The results show that while car accessibility is relatively equal between occupational classes, public transport, bus and walk accessibility have significant inequalities favouring professional classes. Low income groups have lower accessibility for the most affordable bus and walk modes, and inequalities are greater for residents in the wider metropolitan region. Furthermore, professional groups combine accessibility advantages with the highest rates of owner occupation, maximising housing wealth benefits. Lower income groups are exposed to rent increases, though this is offset by social housing, which remains the most prevalent tenure in Inner London for low income classes.

Type: Article
Title: A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10102429
Downloads since deposit
177Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item