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Ecological Influences on Child and Adolescent Development: Evidence from a Philippine Birth Cohort

Gascoyne, Ben; (2020) Ecological Influences on Child and Adolescent Development: Evidence from a Philippine Birth Cohort. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The largest number of children and young people in history are alive today, so the costs of them failing to realise their potential for development are high. Most live in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs), where they are vulnerable to risks that may compromise their development. Yet many risk factors in LLMICs are not well understood. Moreover, recent studies suggest that in addition to the critical first 1,000 days there are several key periods of development in later childhood and adolescence which have received comparatively little research attention. This work responds to the gaps in the evidence, examining the influence of exposure to risks in the physical and social environment on health, education and development outcomes in a birth cohort of children from the Philippines. The first chapter provides a brief introduction to the theoretical and empirical evidence on the risks children face in LLMICs as well as a description of the Philippine country context and the birth cohort. The second chapter tests the associations between infant exposure to sanitation risks and subsequent school survival. The third chapter investigates the effects of housing instability in early to middle childhood on cognitive performance at 11 years of age. And, the fourth chapter examines the links between forms of social marginalisation and adolescent mental health and wellbeing. This work’s findings suggest infant exposure to faecal contamination in the home environment shortens the overall length of time children later spend at school. Preprimary-school age children appear to be at risk of developmental deficits and/or delays as a result of changes to their neighbourhood environment. And, adolescents who are excluded or become disengaged from the important socialising institutions of school and the workplace are at increased risk from developing mental disorders, while among older teens the protective effects associated with being in employment are greater than those linked to being in education.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Ecological Influences on Child and Adolescent Development: Evidence from a Philippine Birth Cohort
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10100527
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