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Environmental aspects of industrial location policy in India

Damodaran, Mala; (1997) Environmental aspects of industrial location policy in India. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Government intervention in the allocation of resources has been a norm in developing countries; although market liberalisation has been increasingly adopted in recent years. Such interventions have implications for both natural and built environments, although the extent to which these implications are taken into account in actual policy measures is questionable. In India at the time of Independence, the government aimed at achieving the maximum economic growth in the shortest possible time frame through a programme of rapid industrial development. However, balanced regional development was an additional objective, and this the government attempted to achieve through the dispersal of industry in the country. This was done through a system of subsidies and incentives. As environmental concerns emerged in the early eighties, these were added as a further constraint on industrial location. This thesis attempts to trace the interventions of the government and their impact on the regional dispersal of industries; and to compare this with an optimal spatial allocation determined both by backward area development priorities and environmental considerations. The extent to which actual and optimal spatial dispersion coincide is tested for the paper industry in India. It is concluded that the actual dispersal is not in accordance with the optimum since environmental concerns were often overlooked. Further, the manner in which location controls were instituted and the regulatory system itself created rents and hence opportunities for corruption, which served to undermine the planning process. Lastly, subsidies added to the existing inefficiencies in the economy.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Environmental aspects of industrial location policy in India
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Social sciences; India; Industrial location policy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10099668
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