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Transition Metal Doped ZIF-67/ZIF-8 Catalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Qin, Yudao; (2020) Transition Metal Doped ZIF-67/ZIF-8 Catalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Electrochemical water splitting is a sustainable method of producing hydrogen - the ultimate clean energy carrier. However, high cost and poor stability of the Pt catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) hinder its wide applications. Here, the main aim of this project is to develop cost-effective and durable HER catalysts, with a focus on carbonized transition metal (Pt, Co, Ni, Fe, Mo) doped zeolite imidazolate framework (ZIF). (1) The first approach is to obtain high catalyst dispersion while reducing overall catalyst content. More specifically, an ultra-low PtCo bimetallic catalyst embedded in porous carbon was prepared via direct annealing of Pt-doped ZIF-67. The resulting catalyst (CPt@ZIF-67) with only 5 wt.% Pt loading, exhibited superior performance with a Tafel slope of 27.1 mV dec-1 and an overpotential of only 50 mV at current density of 10 mA cm-2. A 24-hour stability test for CPt@ZIF-67 showed negligible activity decay. (2) Non-noble transition metals such as Ni, Fe and Co have been proved to be promising candidates in alkaline electrolytes, but they are easily corroded in acids. Herein, Ni-doped carbon nanowires (CNi@ZIF-8) was simply synthesized via carbonization of Ni-doped ZIF-8. Ni doping could both prevent the aggregation during high-temperature pyrolysis and enhance the exposure of surface active sites. CNi@ZIF-8 demonstrated a Tafel slope of 40.4 mV dec-1 with an overpotential of 141 mV at current density of 10 mA cm-2. The optimized catalyst also gave long-term durability in 0.5 M H2SO4.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Transition Metal Doped ZIF-67/ZIF-8 Catalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10099394
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