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The diagnostic role of diffusional kurtosis imaging in glioma grading and differentiation of gliomas from other intra-axial brain tumours: a systematic review with critical appraisal and meta-analysis

Abdalla, G; Dixon, L; Sanverdi, E; Machado, PM; Kwong, JSW; Panovska-Griffiths, J; Rojas-Garcia, A; ... Bisdas, S; + view all (2020) The diagnostic role of diffusional kurtosis imaging in glioma grading and differentiation of gliomas from other intra-axial brain tumours: a systematic review with critical appraisal and meta-analysis. Neuroradiology 10.1007/s00234-020-02425-9. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: We aim to illustrate the diagnostic performance of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) in the diagnosis of gliomas. METHODS: A review protocol was developed according to the (PRISMA-P) checklist, registered in the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO) and published. A literature search in 4 databases was performed using the keywords 'glioma' and 'diffusional kurtosis'. After applying a robust inclusion/exclusion criteria, included articles were independently evaluated according to the QUADAS-2 tool and data extraction was done. Reported sensitivities and specificities were used to construct 2 × 2 tables and paired forest plots using the Review Manager (RevMan®) software. A random-effect model was pursued using the hierarchical summary receiver operator characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 216 hits were retrieved. Considering duplicates and inclusion criteria, 23 articles were eligible for full-text reading. Ultimately, 19 studies were eligible for final inclusion. The quality assessment revealed 9 studies with low risk of bias in the 4 domains. Using a bivariate random-effect model for data synthesis, summary ROC curve showed a pooled area under the curve (AUC) of 0.92 and estimated sensitivity of 0.87 (95% CI 0.78-0.92) in high-/low-grade gliomas' differentiation. A mean difference in mean kurtosis (MK) value between HGG and LGG of 0.22 (95% CI 0.25-0.19) was illustrated (p value = 0.0014) with moderate heterogeneity (I2 = 73.8%). CONCLUSION: DKI shows good diagnostic accuracy in the differentiation of high- and low-grade gliomas further supporting its potential role in clinical practice. Further exploration of DKI in differentiating IDH status and in characterising non-glioma CNS tumours is however needed.

Type: Article
Title: The diagnostic role of diffusional kurtosis imaging in glioma grading and differentiation of gliomas from other intra-axial brain tumours: a systematic review with critical appraisal and meta-analysis
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00234-020-02425-9
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-020-02425-9
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Diagnosis, Diffusion-weighted imaging, Gliomas, Magnetic resonance imaging
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Applied Health Research
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10097209
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