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Analysis of prehistoric brown earth paleosols under the podzol soils of Exmoor, UK

Carey, C; White, H; Macphail, R; Bray, L; Scaife, R; Coyle McClung, L; Macleod, A; (2020) Analysis of prehistoric brown earth paleosols under the podzol soils of Exmoor, UK. Geoarchaeology , 35 (5) pp. 772-799. 10.1002/gea.21789. Green open access

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Abstract

The deforestation of the upland landscapes in southwest Britain during prehistory is an established archaeological narrative, documenting human impacts on the environment and questioning the relationship of prehistoric societies to the upland landscapes they inhabited. Allied to the paleoenvironmental analyses of pollen sequences, which have provided the evidence of this change, there has been some investigation of prehistoric paleosols fossilized under principally Bronze Age archaeological monuments. These analyses identified brown earth soils that were originally associated with temperate deciduous woodland, on occasion showing evidence of human impacts such as tilling. However, the number of analyses of these paleosols has been limited. This study presents the first analysis of a series of pre‐podzol brown earth paleosols on Exmoor, UK, two of which are associated with colluvial soil erosion sediments before the formation of peat. This study indicates these paleosols are spatially extensive and have considerable potential to inform a more nuanced understanding of prehistoric human impacts on the upland environments of the early‐mid Holocene and assess human agency in driving ecosystem change.

Type: Article
Title: Analysis of prehistoric brown earth paleosols under the podzol soils of Exmoor, UK
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/gea.21789
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/gea.21789
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020 The Authors. Geoarchaeology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: brown earth, paleosol podzol, sediment analysis, soil micromorphology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096318
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