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Neurobiological insights from the study of deafness and sign language

Cardin, V; Campbell, R; MacSweeney, M; Holmer, E; Ronnberg, J; Rudner, M; (2020) Neurobiological insights from the study of deafness and sign language. In: Morgan, G, (ed.) Understanding Deafness, Language and Cognitive Development Essays in honour of Bencie Woll. (pp. 159-181). John Benjamins Publishing Company: Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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Abstract

The study of deafness and sign language has provided a means of dissociating modality specificity from higher level abstract processes in the brain. Differentiating these is fundamental for establishing the relationship between sensorimotor representations and functional specialisation in the brain. Early deafness in humans provides a unique insight into this problem, because the reorganisation observed in the adult deaf brain is not only due to neural development in the absence of auditory inputs, but also due to the acquisition of visual communication strategies such as sign language and speechreading. Here we report research by scholars who have collaborated with Prof. Bencie Woll in understanding the neural reorganisation that occurs as a consequence of early deafness, and its relation to the use of different visual strategies for language. We concentrate on three main topics: functional specialisation of sensory cortices, language and working memory.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Neurobiological insights from the study of deafness and sign language
ISBN-13: 9789027261861
DOI: 10.1075/tilar.25.09car
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1075/tilar.25.09car
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096177
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