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Mid-infrared spectroscopy of carbon-rich post-AGB objects and detection of the PAH molecule chrysene

Justtanont, K; Barlow, MJ; Skinner, CJ; Roche, PF; Aitken, DK; Smith, CH; (1996) Mid-infrared spectroscopy of carbon-rich post-AGB objects and detection of the PAH molecule chrysene. Astronomy & Astrophysics , 309 (2) pp. 612-628. Green open access

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Abstract

We present 10 and 20-μm spectroscopic observations of a sample of F- and G-type carbon-rich post-AGB objects, three of which were known to exhibit the unidentified emission feature at 21μm. We also find the F3I post-AGB object SAO 163075 to exhibit a (weak) 21-μm emission feature. We additionally obtained a 10-μm spectrum of IRAS 05341+0852, which has been reported to have a possible 21-μm emission band in its IRAS LRS spectrum, and obtained new 10 and 20-μm spectra of the carbon-rich bipolar post-AGB sources GL 2688 and GL 618, the extreme carbon star GL 3068, and the planetary nebulae IRAS 21282+5050 and He 2-447, in order to study the evolution of C-rich dust from the early post-AGB through to the planetary nebula (PN) phases. The 7.5-13-μm spectra of the 21-μm band objects exhibit broad plateau emission, shortwards of 9μm and from 10-13μm, superposed upon which, in addition to the well-known UIR-band at 11.3μm, are several new features, at 7.9, 8.2, 10.6, 11.5 and 12.2μm, differing from those observed in standard UIR-band spectra. An excellent match is found between the wavelengths of these new features and those of bands in the spectrum of chrysene (C_18_H_12_), one of the simplest PAH molecules. The absence of the new features in the spectra of earlier spectral-type post-AGB objects and PN is consistent with the expected complete dehydrogenation of any PAH molecules having less than 20-25 carbon atoms when exposed to the ultraviolet radiation fields of stars with spectral types earlier than F. Chrysene is not responsible for the 21-μm emission bands observed in the spectra of the cool post-AGB objects. Possible identifications for the 21-μm band in terms of highly hydrogenated 2-dimensional PAH molecules or 3-dimensional fulleranes (hydrogenated fullerenes) are discussed. The mid-infrared spectrum of GL 2688 is largely featureless, apart from two broad weak emission features between 9.5-10.5 and 10.5-12.2μm. The profiles of the broad 10-13-μm absorption features in the spectra of the extreme carbon star GL 3068 and the C-rich bipolar post-AGB object GL 618 are compared. For GL 3068 the profile shape and the wavelength of peak absorption, near 11μm, are consistent with absorption by silicon carbide particles. However, the absorption observed towards GL 618 is considerably broader and peaks at 12μm. Its profile is very similar to that of the 10-13-μm emission plateau observed in the spectra of the 21-μm band objects, suggesting that it arises from absorption by a large column of highly-hydrogenated PAH-type species.

Type: Article
Title: Mid-infrared spectroscopy of carbon-rich post-AGB objects and detection of the PAH molecule chrysene
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996A%26A...309....
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: stars: post-AGB; circumstellar matter; dust; molecular data
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10095245
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