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Reverse engineering forces responsible for dynamic clustering and spreading of multiple nuclei in developing muscle cells

Manhart, A; Azevedo, M; Baylies, M; Mogilner, A; (2020) Reverse engineering forces responsible for dynamic clustering and spreading of multiple nuclei in developing muscle cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell 10.1091/mbc.E19-12-0711. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

How cells position organelles is a fundamental biological question. During Drosophila embryonic muscle development, multiple nuclei transition from being clustered together, to splitting into two smaller clusters, to spreading along the myotube's length. Perturbations of microtubules and motor proteins disrupt this sequence of events. These perturbations do not allow intuiting which molecular forces govern the nuclear positioning; we therefore used computational screening to reverse engineer and identify these forces. The screen reveals three models: two suggest that the initial clustering is due to the nuclear repulsion from the cell poles, while the third, most robust, model poses that this clustering is due to a short-ranged internuclear attraction. All three models suggest that the nuclear spreading is due to the long-ranged internuclear repulsion. We test the robust model quantitatively by comparing it to data from perturbed muscle cells. We also test the model by using agent-based simulations with elastic dynamic microtubules and molecular motors. The model predicts that, in longer mammalian myotubes with a great number of nuclei, the spreading stage would be preceded with segregation of the nuclei into a large number of clusters, proportional to the myotube length, with a small average number of nuclei per cluster.

Type: Article
Title: Reverse engineering forces responsible for dynamic clustering and spreading of multiple nuclei in developing muscle cells
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E19-12-0711
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E19-12-0711
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisherís terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093623
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