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Synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) in systematic reviews: reporting guideline

Campbell, M; McKenzie, JE; Sowden, A; Katikireddi, SV; Brennan, SE; Ellis, S; Hartmann-Boyce, J; ... Thomson, H; + view all (2020) Synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) in systematic reviews: reporting guideline. BMJ-British Medical Journal , 368 , Article l6890. 10.1136/bmj.l6890. Green open access

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Abstract

In systematic reviews that lack data amenable to meta-analysis, alternative synthesis methods are commonly used, but these methods are rarely reported. This lack of transparency in the methods can cast doubt on the validity of the review findings. The Synthesis Without Meta-analysis (SWiM) guideline has been developed to guide clear reporting in reviews of interventions in which alternative synthesis methods to meta-analysis of effect estimates are used. This article describes the development of the SWiM guideline for the synthesis of quantitative data of intervention effects and presents the nine SWiM reporting items with accompanying explanations and examples.

Type: Article
Title: Synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) in systematic reviews: reporting guideline
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.l6890
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l6890
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092670
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