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Monte Carlo Co-Ordinate Ascent Variational Inference

Ye, L; Beskos, A; Iorio, MD; Hao, J; (2020) Monte Carlo Co-Ordinate Ascent Variational Inference. Statistics and Computing 10.1007/s11222-020-09924-y. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

In Variational Inference (VI), coordinate-ascent and gradient-based approaches are two major types of algorithms for approximating difficult-to-compute probability densities. In real-world implementations of complex models, Monte Carlo methods are widely used to estimate expectations in coordinate-ascent approaches and gradients in derivative-driven ones. We discuss a Monte Carlo Co-ordinate Ascent VI (MC-CAVI) algorithm that makes use of Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods in the calculation of expectations required within Co-ordinate Ascent VI (CAVI). We show that, under regularity conditions, an MC-CAVI recursion will get arbitrarily close to a maximiser of the evidence lower bound (ELBO) with any given high probability. In numerical examples, the performance of MC-CAVI algorithm is compared with that of MCMC and -- as a representative of derivative-based VI methods -- of Black Box VI (BBVI). We discuss and demonstrate MC-CAVI's suitability for models with hard constraints in simulated and real examples. We compare MC-CAVI's performance with that of MCMC in an important complex model used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy data analysis -- BBVI is nearly impossible to be employed in this setting due to the hard constraints involved in the model.

Type: Article
Title: Monte Carlo Co-Ordinate Ascent Variational Inference
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s11222-020-09924-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11222-020-09924-y
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090123
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