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Molecular Basis for Autosomal-Dominant Renal Fanconi Syndrome Caused by HNF4A

Marchesin, V; Pérez-Martí, A; Le Meur, G; Pichler, R; Grand, K; Klootwijk, ED; Kesselheim, A; ... Simons, M; + view all (2019) Molecular Basis for Autosomal-Dominant Renal Fanconi Syndrome Caused by HNF4A. Cell Reports , 29 (13) 4407-4421.e5. 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.11.066. Green open access

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Abstract

HNF4A is a nuclear hormone receptor that binds DNA as an obligate homodimer. While all known human heterozygous mutations are associated with the autosomal-dominant diabetes form MODY1, one particular mutation (p.R85W) in the DNA-binding domain (DBD) causes additional renal Fanconi syndrome (FRTS). Here, we find that expression of the conserved fly ortholog dHNF4 harboring the FRTS mutation in Drosophila nephrocytes caused nuclear depletion and cytosolic aggregation of a wild-type dHNF4 reporter protein. While the nuclear depletion led to mitochondrial defects and lipid droplet accumulation, the cytosolic aggregates triggered the expansion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), autophagy, and eventually cell death. The latter effects could be fully rescued by preventing nuclear export through interfering with serine phosphorylation in the DBD. Our data describe a genomic and a non-genomic mechanism for FRTS in HNF4A-associated MODY1 with important implications for the renal proximal tubule and the regulation of other nuclear hormone receptors.

Type: Article
Title: Molecular Basis for Autosomal-Dominant Renal Fanconi Syndrome Caused by HNF4A
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.11.066
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.11.066
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2019 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10088633
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