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Efficacy of Repeat Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Medication-Naïve Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension during the LiGHT Trial

Garg, A; Vickerstaff, V; Nathwani, N; Garway-Heath, D; Konstantakopoulou, E; Ambler, G; Bunce, C; ... Gazzard, G; + view all (2019) Efficacy of Repeat Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Medication-Naïve Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension during the LiGHT Trial. Ophthalmology 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.10.023. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of repeat selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in medication-naïve open angle glaucoma (OAG) and ocular hypertensive (OHT) patients requiring repeat treatment for early to medium-term failure during the Laser in Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension (LiGHT) trial. // DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of SLT treatment arm of a multicentre prospective randomised-controlled-trial. // PARTICIPANTS: Treatment-naïve OAG or OHT requiring repeat 360-degree SLT within 18 months. Re-treatment was triggered by pre-defined IOP and disease-progression criteria (using objective individualised target IOPs) // METHODS: After SLT at baseline, patients were followed for a minimum of 18 months after second (‘repeat’) SLT. A mixed model analysis was performed with the eye as the unit of analysis, with crossed random-effects to adjust for correlation between fellow eyes and repeated measures within eyes. Kaplan-Meier curves plot the duration of effect. // OUTCOME MEASURES: Initial (‘early’) IOP lowering at 2-months and duration of effect following initial and Repeat SLT. // RESULTS: 115 eyes of 90 patients received Repeat SLT during first 18 months of the trial. Pre-treatment IOP prior to Initial SLT was significantly higher than that prior to pre-retreatment IOP of Repeat SLT (mean difference: 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.6 to 4.3, mmHg; p<0.001). Absolute IOP reduction at 2-months was greater following Initial, compared to Repeat, SLT (mean difference: 1.0, 95% CI 0.2 to 1.8, mmHg; p=0.02). Adjusted absolute IOP reduction at 2-months (adjusting for IOP prior to initial or repeat laser) was greater following Repeat SLT (adjusted mean difference: -1.1, 95% CI -1.7 to -0.5, mmHg; p=0.001). 34 eyes were ‘early failures’ (retreated 2-months after Initial SLT) vs 81 ‘later failures’ (retreatment beyond 2-months following Initial SLT). No significant difference in early absolute IOP reduction at 2-months following Repeat SLT was noted between ‘early’ vs ‘later’ failures’ (mean difference: 0.3, 95% CI, -1.1 to 1.8,mmHg; p=0.655). Repeat SLT maintained drop-free IOP control in 67% of 115 eyes at 18 months, with no clinically-relevant adverse events. // CONCLUSION: These exploratory analyses demonstrate Repeat SLT can maintain IOP at or below Target IOP in medication-naive OAG and OHT eyes requiring retreatment with atleast an equivalent duration of effect to initial laser.

Type: Article
Title: Efficacy of Repeat Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Medication-Naïve Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension during the LiGHT Trial
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.10.023
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.10.023
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10085558
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