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Next generation sequencing reveals novel genetic variants (SRY, DMRT1, NR5A1, DHH, DHX37) in adults with 46,XY DSD

Buonocore, F; Clifford-Mobley, O; King, TFJ; Striglioni, N; Man, E; Suntharalingham, JP; del Valle, I; ... Achermann, JC; + view all (2019) Next generation sequencing reveals novel genetic variants (SRY, DMRT1, NR5A1, DHH, DHX37) in adults with 46,XY DSD. Journal of the Endocrine Society 10.1210/js.2019-00306. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Context: The genetic basis of human sex development is slowly being elucidated and more than 40 different genetic causes of differences (or disorders) of sex development (DSD) have now been reported. However, reaching a specific diagnosis using traditional approaches can be difficult, especially in adults where limited biochemical data may be available. / Objective: We used a targeted next-generation sequencing approach to analyze known and candidate genes for DSD in individuals with no specific molecular diagnosis. / Partcipants and Design: We studied 52 adult 46,XY women attending a single-center adult service, who were part of a larger cohort of 400 individuals. Classic conditions such as17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency type 3, 5α-reductase deficiency type 2 and androgen insensitivity syndrome were excluded. The study cohort had broad working diagnoses of complete gonadal dysgenesis (CGD) (n=27) and partially-virilised 46,XY DSD (pvDSD) (n=25), a group that included partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) and those with a broad ”partial androgen insensitivity syndrome” label. Targetted sequencing of 168 genes was undertaken. / Results: Overall a likely genetic cause was found in 16/52 (30.8%) individuals (22.2% CGD; 40.0% pvDSD). Pathogenic variants were found in SRY (n=3), DMRT1 (n=1), NR5A1/SF-1 (n=1) and DHH (n=1) in the CGD group, and in NR5A1 (n=5), DHH (n=1) and DHX37 (n=4) in the pvDSD group. / Conclusions: Reaching a specific diagnosis can have clinical implications and provides insight into the role of these proteins in sex development. Next-generation sequencing approaches are invaluable, especially in adult populations or where diagnostic biochemistry is not possible.

Type: Article
Title: Next generation sequencing reveals novel genetic variants (SRY, DMRT1, NR5A1, DHH, DHX37) in adults with 46,XY DSD
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1210/js.2019-00306
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1210/js.2019-00306
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2019 Endocrine Society. This article has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial, No-Derivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084019
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