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Cardiac death after breast radiotherapy and the QUANTEC cardiac guidelines

Beaton, L; Bergman, A; Nichol, A; Aparicio, M; Wong, G; Gondara, L; Speers, C; ... Tyldesley, S; + view all (2019) Cardiac death after breast radiotherapy and the QUANTEC cardiac guidelines. Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology , 19 pp. 39-45. 10.1016/j.ctro.2019.08.001. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Breast/chest wall irradiation (RT) increases risk of cardiovascular death. International Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) guidelines state for partial heart irradiation a “V25Gy <10% will be associated with a <1% probability of cardiac mortality” in long-term follow-up after RT. We assessed whether women treated with breast/chest wall RT 10-years ago who died of cardiovascular disease (CVD) violated QUANTEC guidelines. / Materials/methods: A population-based database identified all cardiovascular deaths in women with early-stage breast cancer <80 years, treated with adjuvant breast/chest wall RT from 2002 to 2006. Ten-year rate of cardiovascular death was calculated using a Kaplan-Meier method. Patients were matched on a 2:1 basis with controls that did not die of CVD. For left-sided cases, the heart and left anterior descending (LAD) artery were retrospectively delineated. Dose-volume histograms were calculated, and heart V25Gy compared to QUANTEC guidelines. / Results: 5249 eligible patients received breast/chest wall RT from 2002 to 2006: 76 (1.4% at 10-years) died of CVD by June 2015. Forty-two patients received left-sided RT (1.7% CVD death at 10-years), 34 right-sided RT (1.3% at 10-years). Heart V25Gy did not exceed 10% in any left-sided cases. No cardiac dosimetry parameter distinguished left-sided cases from controls. / Conclusions: QUANTEC guidelines were not violated in any patient that died of CVD after left-sided RT. The risk of radiation induced cardiac death at 10-years appears to be very low if MHD is <3.3 Gy and maximum LAD dose (EQD23 Gy) is <45.4 Gy. Further studies are needed to evaluate heart and LAD constraints in the CT-planning era.

Type: Article
Title: Cardiac death after breast radiotherapy and the QUANTEC cardiac guidelines
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ctro.2019.08.001
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctro.2019.08.001
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10081192
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