UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting for Hydrogen Production Using III-V Semiconductor Materials

Alqahtani, Mahdi Mohammed; (2019) Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting for Hydrogen Production Using III-V Semiconductor Materials. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

[thumbnail of Final thesis for UCL.pdf] Text
Final thesis for UCL.pdf - Submitted version
Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 1 August 2022.

Download (8MB)

Abstract

The use of photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting to harvest intermittent solar sources in the form of hydrogen is an attractive potential method to address energy and environmental issues. Since 1972, when Honda and Fujishima demonstrated the use of titanium dioxide (TiO2) in PEC water splitting (1), extensive efforts have been devoted to the development of photoelectrode stability and high solar-to-hydrogen efficiency. Metal oxides (e.g. TiO2, Fe2O3, BiVO4, and SrTiO2) have been extensively studied but their large band gap and sluggish charge transfer kinetics typically limited their solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency (1-9). III-V semiconductor materials have proven attractive for PEC water splitting due to their high efficiency, optimal band gap, and excellent optical properties but they are readily susceptible to corrosion in strongly acidic or basic aqueous solutions during the PEC process (10-18). This thesis aims to construct a PEC device (e.g. photoanode and photocathode) based on III-V semiconductor materials (such as InGaN, GaP, and GaPSb) for PEC water splitting. The design of a direct PEC water splitting device requires a suitable band gap to cover the entire solar spectrum (visible range), which leads to a high photocurrent and solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency. The band edge alignment must straddle the hydrogen and oxygen redox potentials and stable under illumination in electrolyte conditions (19). However, the current challenge is to develop efficient and stable solar-to-chemical conversion systems based on III-V semiconductor materials for PEC water splitting. This can be addressed by incorporating novel co-catalysts that are physically and electrically attached to the surface of the photoelectrodes. The role of the co-catalyst is to minimize the overpotentials and accelerate the charge kinetics at the semiconductor/electrolyte interface (20). Additionally, the surface modification strategy of applying co-catalysts can extend the stability of the photoelectrode for long-time operation (21-25).

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting for Hydrogen Production Using III-V Semiconductor Materials
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078665
Downloads since deposit
2Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item