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Focus variation measurement and advanced analysis of volumetric loss at the femoral head taper interface of retrieved modular replacement hips in replica

Walton, K; Petrucci, M; Racasan, R; Blunt, L; Hart, A; Bills, P; (2019) Focus variation measurement and advanced analysis of volumetric loss at the femoral head taper interface of retrieved modular replacement hips in replica. Journal of Physics: Conference Series , 1183 (1) , Article 012004. 10.1088/1742-6596/1183/1/012004. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper offers a technique for non-contact assessment of material volume loss at the femoral head taper interface of modular replacement hips with novel use of the focus variation principle. A novel 3D to areal data conversion technique also allows powerful areal data analysis techniques to be applied to point cloud (3D) measurements for volume loss optimisation. Accurate characterisation of retrieved femoral head tapers is important to assess their in vivo performance particularly with respect to the bio toxicity of wear and corrosion products. A cohort of 8 retrieved femoral heads showing a wide range of degradation (0.5mm^{3} < volume loss < 12mm^{3}) [1] was selected for the development of this technique. Using this common cohort of retrieved hips, the current technique was benchmarked against the well proven roundness measurement machine (RMM) method. This existing technique generates areal (2.5D) data and exploits a range of existing areal analysis techniques to optimise volume loss assessment. For benchmarking continuity and to exploit the same areal techniques, volume loss analysis for the current technique was carried out using the software written for the existing RMM method. The focus variation instrument's integrated language was used to write script to convert (un-wrap) the taper surface 3D data into areal format. The current method shows a mean absolute difference in volume loss of 14% (-12% signed) from that of the benchmark with a range of 1% to 27%. The spread of measured values is significantly higher for the current method than for the benchmark. However, it is noted that replication can offer the advantage of capturing the whole taper surface on some taper types where physical access is limited for a stylus based roundness method. The current technique is also compared to the existing Redlux™ technique in which replicated female tapers are measured using a confocal instrument. The current technique is shown to have comparable performance to the Redlux™ technique but offers a more sophisticated methodology for volume loss analysis. In addition the current technique offers new instrumentation and analysis tools to the field. Small uncontrolled casting variations are noted in the current technique, resulting in poorer performance with small volume loss samples where the influence of this effect is most pronounced. However, given the simplified assumptions of the volume loss calculation where results may be skewed by deposits, some uncertainty will be evident with any approach.

Type: Article
Title: Focus variation measurement and advanced analysis of volumetric loss at the femoral head taper interface of retrieved modular replacement hips in replica
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1183/1/012004
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1183/1/012004
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 IOP Publishing. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0).
Keywords: Replication, hip, retrieved, wear, corrosion, focus variation, areal, volume loss
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10078047
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