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The Effect of Perception of Teacher Characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners' Anxiety and Enjoyment

Dewaele, J-M; Magdalena, AF; Saito, K; (2019) The Effect of Perception of Teacher Characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners' Anxiety and Enjoyment. Modern Language Journal , 103 (2) pp. 412-427. 10.1111/modl.12555. Green open access

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Abstract

The present study explores the relationship between Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE) and Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) and a number of teacher‐centered variables within the Spanish classroom context. Participants were 210 former and current learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) from all over Spain who filled out an online questionnaire with Likert scale items. A moderate negative relationship emerged between FLE and FLCA. Participants who had an L1 English speaker as a teacher reported more FLE and less FLCA than those with a foreign language user of English. Teacher characteristics predicted close to 20% of variance in FLE but only 8% of variance in FLCA. The strongest positive predictor of FLE was a teacher's friendliness while a teacher's foreign accent was a weaker negative predictor. Teacher‐centered variables predicted much less variance for FLCA. Participants experienced more FLCA with younger teachers, very strict teachers, and teachers who did not use the foreign language much in class. The findings confirm earlier research that FLE seems to be more dependent on the teachers’ pedagogical skills than FLCA.

Type: Article
Title: The Effect of Perception of Teacher Characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners' Anxiety and Enjoyment
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/modl.12555
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12555
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Foreign Language Enjoyment, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety, teacher age, teacher gender, teacher accent, teacher Foreign Language use, teacher strictness, teacher first/foreign language user
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10077784
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