UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Ablation compared with drug therapy for recurrent ventricular tachycardia in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Results from a multicenter study

Mahida, S; Venlet, J; Saguner, AM; Kumar, S; Baldinger, SH; AbdelWahab, A; Tedrow, UB; ... Stevenson, WG; + view all (2019) Ablation compared with drug therapy for recurrent ventricular tachycardia in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Results from a multicenter study. Heart Rhythm , 16 (4) pp. 536-543. 10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.10.016. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Lambiase_Ablation compared with drug therapy for recurrent ventricular tachycardia in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy_AAM.pdf - Accepted version

Download (769kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy vs ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared outcomes of AAD and/or β-blocker (BB) therapy with those of VT ablation (with AAD/BB) in patients with ARVC who had recurrent VT. METHODS: In a multicenter retrospective study, 110 patients with ARVC (mean age 38 ± 17 years; 91[83%] men) with a minimum of 3 VT episodes were included; 77 (70%) were initially treated with AAD/BB and 32 (29%) underwent ablation. Subsequently, 43 of the 77 patients treated with AAD/BB alone also underwent ablation. Overall, 75 patients underwent ablation. RESULTS: When comparing initial AAD/BB therapy (n = 77) and VT ablation (n = 32) after ≥3 VT episodes, a single ablation procedure rendered 35% of patients free of VT at 3 years compared with 28% of AAD/BB-only–treated patients (P = .46). Of the 77 AAD/BB-only–treated patients, 43 subsequently underwent ablation. For all 75 patients who underwent ablation, 56% were VT-free at 3 years after the last ablation procedure. Epicardial ablation was used in 40/75 (53%) and was associated with lower VT recurrence after the last ablation procedure (endocardial/epicardial vs endocardial-only; 71% vs 47% 3-year VT-free survival; P = .05). Importantly, there was no difference in survival free of death or transplantation between the ablation- and AAD/BB-only–treated patients (P = .61). CONCLUSION: In patients with ARVC and a high VT burden, mortality and transplantation-free survival are not significantly different between drug- and ablation-treated patients. These patients have a high risk of recurrent VT despite drug therapy. Combined endocardial/epicardial ablation is associated with reduced VT recurrence as compared with endocardial-only ablation.

Type: Article
Title: Ablation compared with drug therapy for recurrent ventricular tachycardia in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: Results from a multicenter study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.10.016
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.10.016
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, Catheter ablation, Ventricular tachycardia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10076074
Downloads since deposit
72Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item