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Focused HLA analysis in Caucasians with myositis identifies significant associations with autoantibody subgroups

Rothwell, S; Chinoy, H; Lamb, JA; Miller, FW; Rider, LG; Wedderburn, LR; McHugh, NJ; ... Myositis Genetics Consortium (MYOGEN), .; + view all (2019) Focused HLA analysis in Caucasians with myositis identifies significant associations with autoantibody subgroups. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases , 78 pp. 996-1002. 10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215046. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a spectrum of rare autoimmune diseases characterised clinically by muscle weakness and heterogeneous systemic organ involvement. The strongest genetic risk is within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Since autoantibody presence defines specific clinical subgroups of IIM, we aimed to correlate serotype and genotype, to identify novel risk variants in the MHC region that co-occur with IIM autoantibodies. METHODS: We collected available autoantibody data in our cohort of 2582 Caucasian patients with IIM. High resolution human leucocyte antigen (HLA) alleles and corresponding amino acid sequences were imputed using SNP2HLA from existing genotyping data and tested for association with 12 autoantibody subgroups. RESULTS: We report associations with eight autoantibodies reaching our study-wide significance level of p<2.9×10^{-5}. Associations with the 8.1 ancestral haplotype were found with anti-Jo-1 (HLA-B*08:01, p=2.28×10^{-53}  and HLA-DRB1*03:01, p=3.25×10^{-9}, anti-PM/Scl (HLA-DQB1*02:01, p=1.47×10^{-26}) and anti-cN1A autoantibodies (HLA-DRB1*03:01, p=1.40×10^{-11}). Associations independent of this haplotype were found with anti-Mi-2 (HLA-DRB1*07:01, p=4.92×10^{-13}) and anti-HMGCR autoantibodies (HLA-DRB1*11, p=5.09×10^{-6}). Amino acid positions may be more strongly associated than classical HLA associations; for example with anti-Jo-1 autoantibodies and position 74 of HLA-DRB1 (p=3.47×10^{-64} and position 9 of HLA-B (p=7.03×10^{-11}). We report novel genetic associations with HLA-DQB1 anti-TIF1 autoantibodies and identify haplotypes that may differ between adult-onset and juvenile-onset patients with these autoantibodies. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide new insights regarding the functional consequences of genetic polymorphisms within the MHC. As autoantibodies in IIM correlate with specific clinical features of disease, understanding genetic risk underlying development of autoantibody profiles has implications for future research.

Type: Article
Title: Focused HLA analysis in Caucasians with myositis identifies significant associations with autoantibody subgroups
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215046
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215046
Language: English
Additional information: © Author(s) (or their employer[s]) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Keywords: HLA, autoantibody, genetics, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, myositis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10075258
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