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Peer problems, bullying involvement, and affective decision‐making in adolescence

Flouri, E; Papachristou, E; (2019) Peer problems, bullying involvement, and affective decision‐making in adolescence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 10.1111/bjdp.12287. (In press).

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Abstract

We investigated, using a cross‐lagged design, the longitudinal association of bullying involvement and peer problems with affective decision‐making in adolescence (ages 11 and 14 years) in 13,888 participants of the Millennium Cohort Study. Affective decision‐making (risk‐taking, quality of decision‐making, risk adjustment, deliberation time, and delay aversion) was measured with the Cambridge Gambling Task, bullying involvement (bully, bully–victim, victim, or ‘neutral’ status) with self‐report measures, and peer problems with the parent‐reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. In general, peer problems were associated with decision‐making in the unadjusted model but not after controlling for confounding. However, bullying involvement was related to decision‐making even after adjustment. Compared to ‘neutral’ males, bullies and bully–victims improved over time in risk adjustment, and bully–victims in deliberation time, too. In both sexes, bullies showed more risk‐taking compared to their ‘neutral’ counterparts. It seems that bullies are more sensitive to reward (or less sensitive to punishment) than those not involved in bullying. The finding that male bullies show improvement in decision‐making warrants further research.

Type: Article
Title: Peer problems, bullying involvement, and affective decision‐making in adolescence
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12287
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12287
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: affective decision-making, bullying, gambling task, peer problems, peer victimization
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074931
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