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A cluster randomised controlled trial of a staff-training intervention in residential units for people with long-term mental illness in Portugal: the PromQual trial

Cardoso, G; Papoila, A; Tomé, G; Killaspy, H; King, M; Caldas-de-Almeida, JM; (2017) A cluster randomised controlled trial of a staff-training intervention in residential units for people with long-term mental illness in Portugal: the PromQual trial. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , 52 (11) pp. 1435-1445. 10.1007/s00127-017-1416-7. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a staff-training intervention to improve service users’ engagement in activities and quality of care, by means of a cluster randomised controlled trial. METHOD: All residential units with at least 12-h a day staff support (n = 23) were invited to participate. Quality of care was assessed with the Quality Indicator for Rehabilitative Care (QuIRC) filled online by the unit’s manager. Half the units (n = 12) were randomly assigned to continue providing treatment as usual, and half (n = 11) received a staff-training intervention that focused on skills for engaging service users in activities, with trainers working alongside staff to embed this learning in the service. The primary outcome was service users’ level of activity (measured with the Time Use Diary), reassessed at 4 and 8 months. Secondary outcomes were the quality of care provided (QuIRC), and service users’ quality of life (Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life) reassessed at 8 months. Generalized linear mixed effect models were used to assess the difference in outcomes between units in the two trial arms. The trial was registered with Current Controlled Trials (Ref NCT02366117). RESULTS: Knowledge acquired by the staff during the initial workshops increased significantly (p ≤ 0.01). However, the intervention and comparison units did not differ significantly in primary and secondary outcomes at either follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention increased the level of knowledge of staff without leading to an improvement in service users’ engagement in activities, quality of life, or quality of care in the units.

Type: Article
Title: A cluster randomised controlled trial of a staff-training intervention in residential units for people with long-term mental illness in Portugal: the PromQual trial
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00127-017-1416-7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1416-7
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Intervention, Recovery, Residential units, Staff training, Severe mental illness
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074263
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