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Predictive value of dorso-lateral prefrontal connectivity for rTMS response in treatment-resistant depression: A brain perfusion SPECT study

Richieri, R; Verger, A; Boyer, L; Boucekine, M; David, A; Lancon, C; Cermolacce, M; (2018) Predictive value of dorso-lateral prefrontal connectivity for rTMS response in treatment-resistant depression: A brain perfusion SPECT study. Brain Stimulation , 11 (5) pp. 1093-1097. 10.1016/j.brs.2018.05.010. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Previous clinical trials have suggested that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has a significant antidepressant effect in patients with treatment resistant depression (TRD). However, results remain heterogeneous with many patients without effective response. / Objective: The aim of this SPECT study was to determine before treatment the predictive value of the connectivity of the stimulated area on further rTMS response in patients with TRD. / Methods: Fifty-eight TRD patients performed a brain perfusion SPECT before high frequency rTMS of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A voxel based-analysis was achieved to compare connectivity of the left DLPFC in responders and non-responders using inter-regional correlations (p < 0.005, corrected for cluster volume). A multiple logistic regression model was thereafter used with the goal of establishing a predictive score. / Results: Before rTMS, responders exhibited increased SPECT connectivity between the left DLPFC and the right cerebellum in comparison to non-responders, independently of age, gender, severity of depression, and severity of treatment resistance. The area under the curve for the combination of these two SPECT clusters to predict rTMS response was 0.756 (p < 0.005). / Conclusions: SPECT connectivity of the left DLPFC predicts rTMS response before treatment.

Type: Article
Title: Predictive value of dorso-lateral prefrontal connectivity for rTMS response in treatment-resistant depression: A brain perfusion SPECT study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2018.05.010
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2018.05.010
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Connectivity, SPECT, Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, Treatment resistant depression, Predictive value
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10074172
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