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Machine learning for modelling urban dynamics

Kempinska, Kira; (2019) Machine learning for modelling urban dynamics. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

We live in the age of cities. More than half of the world’s population live in cities and this urbanisation trend is only forecasted to continue. To understand cities now and in the foreseeable future, we need to take seriously the idea that it is not enough to study cities as sets of locations as we have done in the past. Instead, we need to switch our traditional focus from locations to interactions and in doing so, invoke novel approaches to modelling cities. Cities are becoming “smart” recording their daily interactions via various sensors and yielding up their secrets in large databases. We are faced with an unprecedented opportunity to reason about them directly from such secondary data. In this thesis, we propose model-based machine learning as a flexible framework for reasoning about cities at micro and macro scales. We use model-based machine learning to encode our knowledge about cities and then to automatically learn about them from urban tracking data. Driven by questions about urban dynamics, we develop novel Bayesian inference algorithms that improve our ability to learn from highly complex, temporal data feeds, such as tracks of vehicles in cities. Overall, the thesis proposes a novel machine learning toolkit, which, when applied to urban data, can challenge how we can think about cities now and about how to make them ”smarter”.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Machine learning for modelling urban dynamics
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072291
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