UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The Effect of Minimum Wages on Low Wage Jobs

Lindner, A; Zipperer, B; Dube, A; Doruk, C; (2019) The Effect of Minimum Wages on Low Wage Jobs. The Quarterly Journal of Economics , 134 (3) pp. 1405-1454. 10.1093/qje/qjz014. Green open access

[thumbnail of CDLZ_qje.pdf]
Preview
Text
CDLZ_qje.pdf - Accepted version

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

We estimate the eect of minimum wages on low-wage jobs using 138 prominent state-level minimum wage changes between 1979 and 2016 in the U.S using a dierence-in-dierences approach. We first estimate the eect of the minimum wage increase on employment changes by wage bins throughout the hourly wage distribution. We then focus on the bottom part of the wage distribution and compare the number of excess jobs paying at or slightly above the new minimum wage to the missing jobs paying below it to infer the employment eect. We find that the overall number of low-wage jobs remained essentially unchanged over the five years following the increase. At the same time, the direct eect of the minimum wage on average earnings was amplified by modest wage spillovers at the bottom of the wage distribution. Our estimates by detailed demographic groups show that the lack of job loss is not explained by labor-labor substitution at the bottom of the wage distribution. We also find no evidence of disemployment when we consider higher levels of minimum wages. However, we do find some evidence of reduced employment in tradable sectors. We also show how decomposing the overall employment eect by wage bins allows a transparent way of assessing the plausibility of estimates.

Type: Article
Title: The Effect of Minimum Wages on Low Wage Jobs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/qje/qjz014
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qjz014
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10072209
Downloads since deposit
25Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item