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P-TEFb activation by RBM7 shapes a pro-survival transcriptional response to genotoxic stress

Bugai, A; Quaresma, AJC; Friedel, C; Lenasi, V; Sibley, C; Kukanja, P; Fujinaga, K; ... Barboric, M; + view all (2018) P-TEFb activation by RBM7 shapes a pro-survival transcriptional response to genotoxic stress. bioRxiv: Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Cellular DNA damage response (DDR) involves dramatic transcriptional alterations, the mechanisms of which remain ill-defined. Given the centrality of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) promoter-proximal pause release in transcriptional control, we evaluated its importance in DDR. Here we show that following genotoxic stress, the RNA-binding motif protein 7 (RBM7) stimulates Pol II elongation and promotes cell viability by activating the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb). This is mediated by genotoxic stress-enhanced binding of RBM7 to 7SK snRNA (7SK), the scaffold of the 7SK small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (7SK snRNP) which inhibits P-TEFb. In turn, P-TEFb relocates from 7SK snRNP to chromatin to induce transcription of short units including key DDR genes and multiple classes of non-coding RNAs. Critically, interfering with RBM7 or P-TEFb provokes cellular hypersensitivity to DNA damage-inducing agents through activation of apoptotic program. By alleviating the inhibition of P-TEFb, RBM7 thus facilitates Pol II elongation to enable a pro-survival transcriptional response that is crucial for cell fate upon genotoxic insult. Our work uncovers a new paradigm in stress-dependent control of Pol II pause release, and offers the promise for designing novel anti-cancer interventions using RBM7 and P-TEFb antagonists in combination with DNA-damaging chemotherapeutics.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: P-TEFb activation by RBM7 shapes a pro-survival transcriptional response to genotoxic stress
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1101/394239
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1101/394239
Language: English
Additional information: © the author(s). The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-ND 4.0 International license.
Keywords: Biochemistry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10071062
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