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POEMS syndrome: clinical update

Brown, R; Ginsberg, L; (2019) POEMS syndrome: clinical update. Journal of Neurology , 266 (1) pp. 268-277. 10.1007/s00415-018-9110-6. Green open access

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Abstract

POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, skin changes) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, caused by a plasma cell proliferative disorder, which is most commonly lambda restricted. The neurological hallmark, which forms one of the mandatory criteria for diagnosis, is a subacute onset demyelinating neuropathy, which can be rapidly disabling and painful. A number of multi-system features are also characteristic of this disorder, and certainly not restricted to those included in its acronym, which though limited, remains a useful and memorable name, helping distinguish POEMS syndrome from other paraproteinaemic neuropathies. The discovery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in association with POEMS syndrome has been extremely useful in aiding clinical diagnosis, and monitoring response to treatment, as well as helping understand the underlying mechanism of disease. Interestingly, however, treatment targeting VEGF has been disappointing, suggesting other disease mechanisms or inflammatory processes are also important. Current understanding of the pathogenesis of POEMS syndrome is outlined in detail in the accompanying article by Cerri et al. Here, we review the clinical features of POEMS syndrome, differential diagnosis and available treatment options, based on current literature.

Type: Article
Title: POEMS syndrome: clinical update
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00415-018-9110-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-9110-6
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Neuropathy, Paraproteinaemia, Monoclonal gammopathy, Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10068885
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