UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A Destruction/Contraction Gradient Coordinates a Persistent and Polarized Global Actin Flow to Control Cell Directionality

Yolland, Lawrence; (2019) A Destruction/Contraction Gradient Coordinates a Persistent and Polarized Global Actin Flow to Control Cell Directionality. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
L Yolland - Actin Flows & Cell Motility - PhD Thesis 2019.pdf - Accepted version

Download (20MB) | Preview

Abstract

Cell motility is hypothesised to be regulated by a step-wise series of events, beginning with leading-edge extension of the membrane. However, it is unclear how rapid leading-edge movements are capable of generating coordinated cell motion. Posterior to the leading edge is the flowing Actin network, which generates cellular propulsive forces. This flow is driven by a combination of Actin polymerisation pushing against the leading-edge, and myosin mediated contraction of the Actin network. Yet, it is unknown how this flow is organised and whether it is involved in controlling cell migration. Through the development of novel computational tools, I show that Actin retrograde flow in developmentally dispersing Drosophila macrophages is highly coherent. Mathematical analysis of Actin flow within macrophages reveals distinct regions of network compression, which are highly persistent in time compared with the leading edge. This data also highlights super-convergent regions within the flow field that represent a sudden transition from retrograde to anterograde Actin motion, whose polarity with respect to the nucleus strongly correlates with cell motion. This unveils a structure and asymmetry to global Actin flow within migrating cells, which I hypothesise is responsible for driving movement through a ‘rear wheel drive’ mechanism of cell migration as opposed to the putative leading-edge mediated ‘front wheel drive’ mechanism of directing cell motion.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: A Destruction/Contraction Gradient Coordinates a Persistent and Polarized Global Actin Flow to Control Cell Directionality
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2019. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10068186
Downloads since deposit
17Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item