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Microwave pyrolysis of biomass for bio-oil production: Scalable processing concepts

Beneroso, D; Monti, T; Kostas, ET; Robinson, J; (2017) Microwave pyrolysis of biomass for bio-oil production: Scalable processing concepts. [Review]. Chemical Engineering Journal , 316 pp. 481-498. 10.1016/j.cej.2017.01.130. Green open access

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Abstract

The pursuit of sustainable hydrocarbon alternatives to fossil fuels has prompted an acceleration in the development of new technologies for biomass processing. Microwave pyrolysis of biomass has long been recognised to provide better quality bio-products in shorter timescales compared to conventional pyrolysis. Although this topic has been widely assessed and many investigations are currently ongoing, this article gives an overview beyond the physico-chemical pyrolysis process and covers engineering aspects and the limitations of microwave heating technology. Herein, we provide innovative scalable concepts to perform the microwave pyrolysis of biomass on a large scale, including essential energy and material handling requirements. Furthermore, some of the possible socio-economic and environmental implications derived from the use of this technology in our society are discussed. Such potential concepts are expected to assist the needs of the industrial bioenergy community to move this largely studied process upwards in scale.

Type: Article
Title: Microwave pyrolysis of biomass for bio-oil production: Scalable processing concepts
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.01.130
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.01.130
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Microwave pyrolysis; Biofuels; Biomass pyrolysis; Microwave scale-up; Bio-oil production; Bioenergy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067709
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