UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Early predictors of epilepsy and subsequent relapse in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

Rossor, T; Benetou, C; Wright, S; Duignan, S; Lascelles, K; Robinson, R; Das, K; ... Hacohen, Y; + view all (2019) Early predictors of epilepsy and subsequent relapse in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal 10.1177/1352458518823486. (In press). Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Ciccarelli_ADEM seizures MSJ R1 141118 unmarked.pdf - Accepted version

Download (323kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: To identify predictors of epilepsy and clinical relapses in children presenting with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). / Methods: Children presenting with ADEM between 2005 and 2017 and tested clinically for MOG-Ab were identified from three tertiary paediatric neurology centres in the United Kingdom. Patients were followed up for a median of 6 years (range, 1–16 years). / Results: A total of 74 children were studied (38 females; median age at first presentation: 4.5 years (range, 1.4–16 years)). MOG-Ab was positive in 50/74 (67.6%) of cases, and 27 (54%) of MOG-Ab positive children presented with a neurological relapse over time. MOG-Ab was more frequently positive in the relapsing group than in the monophasic group (27/31 vs 23/43; odds ratio 5.9 (95% CI: 1.8–19.7); p = 0.002). 16/74 (22%) children had seizures during the acute presentation with ADEM and 12/74 (16.2%) patients were diagnosed with post-ADEM epilepsy. The diagnosis of post-ADEM epilepsy was more frequently observed in children with relapsing disease than monophasic disease (10/31 vs 2/43; odds ratio 9.8 (95% confidence interval (CI): 2.0–48.7); p = 0.003), in children who had positive intrathecal oligoclonal bands than those with negative bands (4/7 vs 4/30; odds ratio 8.7 (95% CI: 1.4–54.0); p = 0.027) and in children who had positive MOG-Ab than negative MOG-Ab cases (11/12 vs 39/62; odds ratio 6.5 (95% CI:0.8–53.6); p = 0.051). / Conclusion: A higher relapse rate and a greater risk of post-ADEM epilepsy in children with MOG-Ab-associated disease may indicate a chronic disease with immune-mediated seizures in these children.

Type: Article
Title: Early predictors of epilepsy and subsequent relapse in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1352458518823486
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458518823486
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies, neuromyelitis optica, autoimmune epilepsy
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neuroinflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065555
Downloads since deposit
13Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item