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Modeling and simulation of tawaf and sa'yee: A survey of recent work in the field

Kurdi, O; Stannett, M; Romano, DM; (2015) Modeling and simulation of tawaf and sa'yee: A survey of recent work in the field. In: (Proceedings) 29th European Simulation and Modelling Conference - ESM'2015. (pp. pp. 441-447). Eurosis Green open access

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Abstract

Between 2002 and 2012 the number of pilgrims taking part in the 5-day hajj (the annual pilgrimage to Mecca) rose dramatically from 1.9m to 3.2m, before stabilizing at around 2 million following the introduction of new quotas in 2013. The gathering together of so many people has obvious crowd-safety implications, ranging from stampedes and protests to pickpocketing and disease control, and there is an obvious need for models and simulations of the relevant crowd behaviours. Moreover, the regular occurrence of the event, the size and diver isty of the crowds involved, and the amount of freely available information make this an excellent case study for the study of crowd behaviour. We survey recent attempts to model the key hajj rituals of tawaf (during which pilgrims collectively circumambulate the Ka 'aba seven times) and sa 'yee (running or walking seven times between two nearby hills), and highlight ways in which some of the limitations of these studies may be overcome in future work.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Modeling and simulation of tawaf and sa'yee: A survey of recent work in the field
Event: 29th European Simulation and Modelling Conference - ESM'2015
Location: Holiday Inn, Leicester, United Kingdom
Dates: October 26-28, 2015
ISBN-13: 9789077381908
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.eurosis.org/cms/index.php?q=taxonomy/t...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Modeling, Simulation, Agent-Based Modelling, Crowd modelling, tawaf , sa’yee, hajj, umrah.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Dept of Information Studies
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065073
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