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Living with family: perceptions of health and subjective well-being of adults with an intellectual disability

Grey, JM; Totsika, V; Hastings, RP; (2018) Living with family: perceptions of health and subjective well-being of adults with an intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research , 62 (6) pp. 474-485. 10.1111/jir.12479. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of living circumstances to the perception of subjective well‐being (SWB) and health of adults with intellectual disability (ID). The aim of the present study was to examine whether living circumstances impact differently on the perception of health and SWB and whether potential differences persist after accounting for other variables (e.g. level of support needs and reporting method). METHODS: Secondary data analysis was undertaken of a large national survey of adults with an ID in England, aged 16 years and over. Participants were identified as living with family (N = 1528) or living out of home (N = 874). RESULTS: The results of t‐test and chi‐square revealed that levels of health and SWB were perceived as being higher for people living with family than those living in out‐of‐home settings. Multiple linear regression analyses fitted to explore factors associated with these reported differences revealed that, when controlling for other variables, living with family was highly associated with reports of better SWB. Multiple logistic regression revealed that whilst the health status of people living with families were perceived as better, this was only true when their support needs were low. Poorest health outcomes were found for people with highest support needs who lived with family. CONCLUSIONS: On the whole, the health and well‐being of adults living with family were perceived more positively than those living out of home. However, potential health disparities exist for those with high support needs who live with family. Further longitudinal research is needed to explore causes and potential solution to these inequalities.

Type: Article
Title: Living with family: perceptions of health and subjective well-being of adults with an intellectual disability
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jir.12479
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12479
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: adults, family homes, health, intellectual disabilities, socio‐economic hardship, well‐being
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062768
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