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Unraveling a Neanderthal palimpsest from a zooarcheological and taphonomic perspective

Joana Gabucio, M; Caceres, I; Rivals, F; Bargallo, A; Rosell, J; Saladie, P; Vallverdu, J; ... Carbonell, E; + view all (2016) Unraveling a Neanderthal palimpsest from a zooarcheological and taphonomic perspective. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences , 10 (1) pp. 197-222. 10.1007/s12520-016-0343-y. Green open access

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Abstract

Practically all archeological assemblages are palimpsests. In spite of the high temporal resolution of Abric Romaní site, level O, dated to around 55 ka, is not an exception. This paper focuses on a zooarcheological and taphonomic analysis of this level, paying special attention to spatial and temporal approaches. The main goal is to unravel the palimpsest at the finest possible level by using different methods and techniques, such as archeostratigraphy, anatomical and taxonomical identification, taphonomic analysis, faunal refits and tooth wear analysis. The results obtained are compared to ethnoarcheological data so as to interpret site structure. In addition, activities carried out over different time spans (from individual episodes to long-term behaviors) are detected, and their spatial extent is explored, allowing to do inferences on settlement dynamics. This leads us to discuss the temporal and spatial scales over which Neanderthals carried out different activities within the site, and how they can be studied through the archeological record.

Type: Article
Title: Unraveling a Neanderthal palimpsest from a zooarcheological and taphonomic perspective
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0343-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-016-0343-y
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the accepted manuscript version. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Physical Sciences, Anthropology, Archaeology, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, Geology, Spatial analysis, Faunal refits, Tooth microwear analysis, Site structure, Time spans, Abric Romani, ABRIC-ROMANI, ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, OLDUVAI-GORGE, LEVEL O, HAMMERSTONE PERCUSSION, SPAIN, PATTERNS, ASSEMBLAGES, CAPELLADES, BONES
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062722
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